March 11, 2017 by Species Ecology
Environment: understand to respect and preserve
“First it was necessary to civilize man in relation to man.
Now it’s necessary to civilize man in relation to nature.”
Environment is the set of factors living (biotic) and nonliving (a biotic) that interact with each other. Within the environment we also find social, cultural, economic, spiritual, aesthetic and historical significances. We can say that environment is all around us in socio-cultural level. It is dynamic and continuous process. An ecosystem is the set of organisms and physiochemical factors that are interrelated in a given environment. Organisms such as plants, animals and microorganisms and within the physical-chemical factors: light, water, soil, air, temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, etc.
Environmental problems mean those shares of the company to the physical environment that generate a negative impact on the quality of life for present and future populations.
Human has always been linked to the nature for their goods and services. However, during the course of our history there was a balance between society and the environment in terms of the level of anthropogenic modification hence allowed human to respect and even fear in ancient times, to over exploit and pollute. So environmental degradation is not a recent phenomenon and in recent years, especially after the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 (Rio Declaration on Environment and Development), it has been given the importance it requires to identify its actual extent and intensity within the social and economic context. The main environmental problems affecting urban centers are:
• Potable water volume and quality acceptable for public consumption.
• Inadequate provision of sewers
• Inefficient systems of collection and disposal of municipal solid waste, industrial waste and hazardous waste.
• Air pollution and waterways in general.
• High degree of overcrowding
• Flooding as a result of unplanned occupation in high risk areas.
• Lack of green space
If you look at the places where we live, work, study, and have fun, we will find that many of these problems are present. Why is that? Primarily cause of the fact that urban population is not educated to understand that our cities are nothing more than a profoundly altered ecosystems on the planet. This suggests that the development model that today’s society adopted is not appropriate to achieve sustainability.
Human needs good natural resources for development and this involves modifying the environment. However it must be done in a way so that future generations can also access the same resources that present generations receive. This concept is known as ‘Sustainable Development’ and to reach this goal it is important to educate the public and educational community in the most important issues of today facing the environment around us and so achieve the population gradually acquire a sense of responsibility and commitment to environmental problems in the environment.